By A Web Design
The GPA was adopted by the international community in 1995 and “aims at preventing the degradation of the marine environment from land-based activities by facilitating the realization of the duty of States to preserve and protect the marine environment”. It is unique in that it is the only global initiative directly addressing the connectivity between terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems.
The GPA targets major threats to the health, productivity and biodiversity of the marine and coastal environment resulting from human activities on land and proposes an integrated, multisectoral approach based on commitment to action at local, national, regional and global levels. In an era when coastal communities are threatened by new and daunting challenges, e.g. climate change, the holistic ecosystem approach advocated by the GPA is even more relevant today than when first negotiated in 1995.
The Third Intergovernmental Review Meeting on the Implementation of the GPA provided an opportunity for national governments and regional organizations to renew its commitments to the GPA and shape its future. The adopted Manila Declaration and the Report of the IGR-3 can be found in all UN-languages in our Document Library
It’s your GPA.
Second Global Conference on Land-Ocean Connections: 2-4 October 2013
The Second Global Conference on Land - Ocean Connections (GLOC-2) was held October 2- 4, 2013, in Montego Bay, Jamaica. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Government of Jamaica were co-organizers of the conference, the second of its kind. All presentations are available in the document library.
Annex 1: List of participants
Annex 2: Provisional agenda
Annex 3: Speed presentations
Annex 4: Summary report of media workshop
Annex 7: Manila Declaration progress report
Annex 8: Wastewater session agenda
Annex 9: Nutrient Management session agenda
Annex 10: Marine Litter session agenda
Annex 12: Report of the Wastewater session
Annex 14: Report of the Nutrient session
Annex 15: Report of the Coral Reef session
The report “Our Nutrient World: The challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution”
provides a global overview of the nutrient management practices and policies with their consequent
impacts on human wellbeing and natural environment. The report concludes with a clear message that humanity benefit from nutrients but the current production and use of nutrients must change to towards green growth and sustainable development.